Version: 9.10.0
SALOME architecture


SALOME architecture is based on CORBA technology using distributed system model of applications. SALOME combines several software components, which are built in such a way that it allows to integrate solvers and existing meshing algorithms along with the specification of physical properties for a given domain. The originality of this approach is that the various components must cooperate dynamically and be configurable.

SALOME platform integrates a number of modules each having its own function:

  • KERNEL : provides a common shell for all components, which can be integrated into the SALOME platform.
  • GUI : provides visual representation: basic widgets, viewers etc. Third party modules optionally can have GUI, but in any case they always connected with KERNEL.
  • Geometry : facilitates construction and optimization of geometrical models using a wide range of CAD functions.
  • Mesh : generates meshes on geometrical models previously created or imported by the Geometry component.
  • ParaVis : performs data visualization and post-processing.
  • MED : allows to work with MED files.

Salome architecture takes the concept of multitier client/server to its natural conclusion. The distributed system model exposes all functionality of the application as objects, each of which can use any of the services provided by other objects in the system, or even objects in other systems. The architecture can also blur the distinction between "client" and "server" because the client components can also create objects that behave in server-like roles. This architecture provides the ultimate in flexibility.

         The distributed system architecture achieves its flexibility by encouraging (or enforcing) the definition of specific component interfaces. The interface of a component specifies to other components what services are offered by that component and how they are used. As long as the interface of a component remains constant, that component's implementation can change dramatically without affecting other components.

         All software components (Geometry, Mesh...) integrated into SALOME platform implement predefined interfaces. Each component provides data for the SALOME study in a form of links (stored in the Study) to the specific data created and stored in the component. All components represent CORBA servers and it allows to run them on different host stations.

         It is equally possible to create engine-independent modules. These modules may not use CORBA at all, and can have internal data structure which can be written in pure C++ (or python). Such modules are located inside SALOME GUI process and from the point of view of the end user have no difference with standard components. Such modules not using the standard tools of SALOME platform are defined on a special separated level named CAM. CAM component is the basis for new SALOME GUI and contains all basic functionality for working with modules (loading; saving, closing, customization of toolbar and menu).

         Another fundamental piece of the SALOME architecture is the use of the Interface Definition Language (IDL). IDL, which specifies interfaces between CORBA components, is instrumental in ensuring CORBA's language independence. Because interfaces described in IDL can be mapped to any programming language, CORBA applications and components are thus independent of the language(s) used to implement them.

         Additional information about CORBA technology is available at

         The architecture of this all-inclusive platform for numerical components responds to the following objectives:

  1. Flexibility : the creation and modification of computation schemes must be easy. The developer must have easy access to all modeling parameters to create domain-specific tools adapted to new situations or to test new numerical algorithms. SALOME allows integration and implementation of numerical and physical components derived from existing code.
  2. Productivity : the implementation of code is simple for the user and the reuse of components (within other environments for macro-components) is noticeably facilitated.
  3. Performance :SALOME is able to more finely simulate phenomena that is more complex in scale and in physical coupling requirements. SALOME economically exploits the performance of used machines (massively parallel processors, PC clusters, etc).
  4. Expandability: on the one hand, software technologies and physical architectures evolve rapidly compared to the development time, validation and use of a scientific application while on the other hand, the development of a database model adapted to the totality of exchanges between components can be achieved incrementally. SALOME is able to easily follow these developments.